Emeka is 58 years old. He is now hospitalized in the hospital for ketoacidosis caused by diabetes. In fact, he has been diagnosed with prediabetes for more than ten years. He is also somewhat obese. He is 1.8 meters tall and weighs 90 kilograms. Both his parents and two sisters He is a type 2 diabetic patient, but he still goes his own way, thinking that he does not have diabetes, and he does not go to the physical examination every year, let alone check his blood sugar in the community every day. He still eats big bowls of rice every day, eats a lot of meat, eats few vegetables, and doesn’t like exercise. Recently, I lost a few kilograms in weight, was thirsty and dizzy, always went to the toilet, did not pay attention, until I vomited, and I was very poor, I was sent to the hospital to check my blood sugar more than 20%. Diabetes was diagnosed as causing ketoacidosis. In fact, there are a lot of such cases. Many people just get past it, knowing that they don’t intervene in the pre-diabetes stage, and eventually “delay” diabetes.
1. What is the big difference between pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes?
There is no gap between pre-diabetes and diabetes. Many people with pre-diabetes will become diabetic in the next 5 years. According to statistics, about 7% of pre-diabetic people become type 2 diabetic every year, so we must start to improve from the pre-diabetes. lifestyle.
Second, pre-diabetes increases the risk of complications
According to research, pre-diabetes increases the risk of complications. For example, insulin resistance causes high levels of pancreatic islets, which significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
3. Which people with prediabetes are more likely to become type 2 diabetes?
1. Parents, brothers and sisters and other immediate family members have type 2 diabetes.
2. Those who are diagnosed with pre-diabetes and do not improve their lifestyle.
3. Not paying attention to blood glucose monitoring.
4. Those with diseases such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension.
5. Obese people.
4. How to reduce the risk of pre-diabetes becoming type 2 diabetes?
1. If you are obese, adjust weight loss through exercise and diet.
2. Reduce life pressure, go to bed early and get up early, don’t stay up late.
3. Eat more vegetables, one and a half catties to two catties a day.
4. Eat less junk food such as white rice and noodles, sugary drinks, pastries and biscuits.
5. A light diet and no big fish or meat.
6. Control blood pressure and blood lipids.
7. Do a good job of daily blood glucose monitoring.
Therefore, there is not a gap between pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes are only close! Take preventive measures to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes