Health

What is diabetes? What are the signs of diabetes?

What diabetes? What are the signs of diabetes?

I believe that diabetes is no stranger to everyone. Friends or relatives around us can often see diabetic patients. So what exactly is diabetes? Diabetes is a group of disorders of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism caused by insufficient absolute or relative secretion of insulin and or insulin utilization disorder. It is characterized by chronic increase in blood glucose levels.

Diabetes is a common disease and frequently-occurring disease. At present, the prevalence of diabetes is rising sharply all over the world. There are currently more than 100 million diabetic patients in my country, ranking first in the world.

Diabetes is divided into four types, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, special type diabetes and gestational diabetes. Among them, type 2 diabetes is the most common, accounting for 95% of diabetic patients.

The cause of diabetes is currently unclear, and genetic and environmental factors play a role in the occurrence of diabetes. Overweight and obesity, overnutrition, long-term consumption of high-calorie foods, insufficient physical activity, and aging are factors that lead to the increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

There is currently no cure for diabetes, whether it is type 1 or type 2 diabetes. But it can be well controlled by reasonable treatment. Type 1 diabetes usually requires life-long insulin injections. In the early stage of type 2 diabetes, blood sugar can be returned to normal by controlling diet and exercise. For long-term type 2 diabetes patients, lifestyle intervention alone cannot reverse the condition and requires life-long medication.

What are the signs of diabetes?

The most typical symptoms of diabetes are the symptoms of more than three and one less, that is, eating more, drinking more, urinating more, and accompanied by weight loss. These symptoms are more common in diabetes patients with type 1 diabetes or high blood sugar. A small number of patients with type 1 diabetes have diabetic ketoacidosis, coma or acute abdomen as the first manifestation.

Most patients with type 2 diabetes have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, and blood sugar is usually found to be elevated during physical examination or routine examination. It is precisely because these patients have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, it is not easy to attract people’s attention. Some people often find that they have diabetes after complications occur.

Some patients find that their blood sugar rises when they go to the ophthalmology clinic because of unclear vision.

Some patients find that blood sugar rises when they are hospitalized due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

Some patients find that their blood sugar rises because of proteinuria.

Some patients find that their blood sugar rises when they see a doctor because of gum swelling and pain.

Some female patients find that blood sugar rises due to vulvar itching and vulvitis.

Some men with urinary tract infections, dermatitis, found that blood sugar increased.

Some patients find that blood sugar rises because of frequent boils and wounds that are not easy to heal.

Some patients also found diabetes due to frequent pre-meal hypoglycemia.

Therefore, when hypoglycemia occurs, symptoms of more than three and one less, fatigue, blurred vision, recurring hypoglycemia, and recurring infection must be promptly consulted.