Diabetic nephropathy (diabetic nephropathy, DN) is one of the most common diseases of diabetes and one of the most important complications of diabetic patients. Diabetic nephropathy can endanger everyone’s health. So, what is diabetic nephropathy? What are the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy? The following editor will explain it for everyone.
What is diabetic nephropathy?
Diabetic nephropathy is an important comorbidity of diabetes. In recent years, the incidence rate has been on the rise, becoming the second cause of end-stage renal disease, second only to various glomerulonephritis. Because of its complex metabolic disorders, once it develops into end-stage renal disease, it is often more difficult than the treatment of other renal diseases. Therefore, timely prevention and treatment is of great significance to delaying diabetic nephropathy.
What are the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy?
1. Some patients will have symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal discomfort. In addition, anorexia, weight loss, weakness, and weakness are caused by the inability of blood sugar to enter the cells and the lack of energy in the cells. The heartbeat is fast, the breathing is slow and deep, and the blood glucose test value rises. The urine glucose test result on the patient is positive.
2. The most prominent manifestations of patients with high blood sugar are excessive urine, dry skin, and dehydration.
According to the progress of diabetic nephropathy, the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy are also different:
1. Proteinuria. Proteinuria is the first sign of diabetic nephropathy.
2. Edema and nephrotic syndrome. Patients with early diabetic nephropathy generally do not have edema; when the 24-hour urine protein quantitative of patients with diabetic nephropathy exceeds 3 grams, edema will appear. Once the patient has obvious edema, the condition of diabetic nephropathy will continue to progress.
3. Hypertension. Hypertension is more common in patients with diabetic nephropathy, which is a symptom of late diabetic nephropathy. Patients with diabetic nephropathy who develop persistent proteinuria for a long time often have symptoms of hypertension.
4. Renal failure. Once diabetes has kidney damage, its pathological process is progressive, and it will eventually develop into azotemia and uremia.
5. Other symptoms. As the course of diabetic nephropathy progresses, patients may develop symptoms of retinopathy. In addition, diabetic nephropathy is often accompanied by a variety of complications: complications of diabetic nephropathy such as heart failure and cystitis often affect the patient’s renal function; when ketoacidosis and hypertonic coma are accompanied by circulatory failure, patients with diabetic nephropathy can also Acute renal failure occurs and so on.
Conclusion: The incidence of diabetic nephropathy is also on the rise. It has now become the second cause of end-stage renal disease, second only to various glomerulonephritis. The above detailed description of diabetic nephropathy, symptoms and treatment of diabetic nephropathy I hope everyone can pay attention to the home remedies for diabetic nephropathy