Kidney stones are a relatively common type of urinary calculi. As the name suggests, they are small stones formed in the kidneys. When the concentration of calcium, oxalate, uric acid, etc. in the urine is too high or the solubility decreases, accumulation and change will occur. Hard, it will cause stones.
Kidney stones are mostly composed of these components: calcium oxalate, phosphates, and urate. In a few cases, the main components are struvite stones and cystine stones.
PS: Approximately 19% of men and 9% of women will get urinary stones in their lifetime.
So, if a kidney stone is diagnosed, what should we pay attention to? The doctor reminded: You must control your mouth when you find kidney stones. It is best not to eat these 5 foods!
1. Foods with high oxalic acid content
Common ones include spinach, celery, green peppers, coriander, legumes, etc. These foods will increase the accumulation of oxalic acid in the body for stone patients, making the stones grow larger.
2. High-sodium foods
The kidneys need to filter impurities in the body. Excessive intake of sodium ions will increase the burden on the kidneys and make the kidneys work frequently, which is not conducive to the recovery of the disease. Therefore, the daily salt intake must comply with scientific recommendations and should not exceed 5 grams.
3. High protein food
We know that one of the causes of stones is caused by excessive calcium accumulation. If high-protein foods cannot be absorbed by the body, a lot of calcium will accumulate in the body, and then this part of calcium will not be excreted in time to form stones. Therefore, high-protein foods should not contain excessive intake of nutrients that are incompatible with their physical conditions, and stone patients should eat less.
4. High-fat foods
After fat enters the body, it will reduce the calcium that can be combined in the intestine, causing the local accumulation of calcium and oxalic acid, affecting the metabolism, impurity cannot be excreted from the body in time, and aggravating the condition of stones. In life, fat, animal fat and other high-fat foods should be controlled.
5. Foods with high purine content
Foods with high purine content are easy to form uric acid in the body after entering the body, and uric acid will promote the precipitation of oxalate in the urine to form urinary stones. Peanuts, beans, and seafood are all rich in purines. Reduce your intake of such foods.
Who are prone to kidney stones?
People with family history .
Patients with diabetes, obesity, gout and hypertension .
People who drink less water .
Excessive physical activity (including marathon running) may increase the risk of crystaluria and stones in susceptible persons, but general physical activity does not increase the risk.
Acidic urine will appear in chronic diarrhea. Continuous acidic urine (pH≤5.5) will promote the precipitation of uric acid, leading to the formation of uric acid stones.
Patients with gastric bypass surgery, bariatric surgery, and short bowel syndrome have increased intestinal oxalic acid absorption and are more likely to develop stones.
People with other bad habits and eating habits : love to eat spicy, high-fat, high-purine, and high-salt foods, add alcohol, sit still for a long time, often hold back urine, etc.
It is related to occupations . Some jobs with high temperature and less urination, such as workers, traffic police, and drivers, are more common.
So friends who have the above situation
Usually pay more attention