Diabetes is a group of chronic metabolic diseases characterized by elevated blood sugar. Excessive blood sugar levels can cause abnormalities in tissue and organ function and structure.
As early as 2010, data showed that there were approximately 92.4 million diabetic patients over the age of 20 in my country, and the number of pre-diabetes patients was approximately 14.82 million. Such a large patient base and proportion are enough to attract people’s attention to pre-diabetes.
Many people may not understand the relationship between diabetes and pre-diabetes. For details, please refer to the following two paragraphs.
The development of diabetes is divided into three stages, the first stage is called “diabetes high-risk period”, the second stage is called “pre-diabetes”, and the third stage is called “diabetes”.
Generally, to diagnose whether a person has diabetes, two blood sugars need to be measured, one is the fasting blood glucose and the other is the blood glucose two hours after a meal, and if the fasting blood glucose is >6.1mmoL/L but <7.0mmoL, or the two hours after a meal blood glucose>7.8 mmoL but <11.1 mmoL, this condition is called “pre-diabetes”.
These pre-diabetic people may become new diabetes patients every day. According to statistics, about 5% to 10% of pre-diabetic patients progress to diabetes every year, so the “pre-diabetic” population is the key population for diabetes prevention.
Found that pre-diabetes is great for us!
Pre-diabetes is the middle zone between the diabetic population and the normal population. Patients in this period are like walking on a fork in the road. If effective intervention is made in this period, 1/3 of the patients can be reversed, and if it is not controlled, One-third of patients will progress to diabetes.
Unfortunately, there are generally no obvious symptoms in pre-diabetes, but when the blood glucose concentration is abnormally high, or when it becomes early diabetes, the body will have some clues.
Some people do not have the typical symptoms of thirst, polydipsia, and polyuria, but they feel hungry. No matter how much they eat at the last meal, they are hungry and flustered before the next meal. This is probably due to delayed insulin secretion. In other words, insulin secretion and blood sugar levels are not synchronized. When blood sugar is low, insulin secretion increases instead, which causes pre-meal hypoglycemia symptoms.
Because of the increase in blood sugar, the eyes are implicated, resulting in poor vision. Of course, if diabetes is more serious, some ocular complications, such as cataracts and retinopathy, will also occur.
Full and sleepy
Diabetes is closely related to extreme sleepiness and sleepiness during the day. If you often feel sleepy after a meal and feel fatigued after eating, it may be an alarm signal from your body. It is warning you that the current diet is not healthy enough, which may lead to diabetes.
Neck circumference is too large
Neck thickness is related to diabetes. Studies have shown that the neck circumference of patients with type 2 diabetes is proportional to body mass index, waist circumference, and metabolic syndrome.
When the male neck circumference is greater than or equal to 39 cm, the female neck circumference is greater than or equal to 35 cm as the threshold for metabolic syndrome. Once the threshold is exceeded, it indicates that the possibility of overweight and metabolic syndrome is very high, and you must pay attention to whether you are pre-diabetic.
When there is a circle of black around the neck, it seems that it is always not clean, which is suffering from acanthosis nigricans. This skin disease does not grow dark by the sky, but the skin folds are locally darkened. Almost all patients with pseudoacanthosis nigricans have varying degrees of insulin resistance, which is a precursor to diabetes.