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Is diabetes far away from us? Prevention of diabetes

Is diabetes far away from us?

At the end of 2017, the International Diabetes Federation released global data on the age of onset of diabetes in adults between 20 and 99 years old, showing that most people with diabetes have the onset of disease at working age, that is, between 20 and 64 years old. The incidence of diabetes in my country is showing a younger trend. The prevalence of diabetes under 40 years old is as high as 5.9%. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in my country has risen sharply. Obesity and reduced physical activity. Childhood type 2 diabetes has become a global problem that seriously affects health. my country has become the world’s largest country with diabetes. There is 1 diabetic in every 9 adults. There is 1 diabetic reserve in every 2 adults.

In 2019, approximately 4.2 million adults worldwide died of diabetes and its complications , which is equivalent to 1 death every 8 seconds . Diabetes accounts for 11.3% of all deaths worldwide , and nearly half of them are under 60 years old. The senile disease in our eyes—diabetes is constantly finding young people, and it has already claimed the lives of many young people.

If the diabetes reserve army does not intervene, 93% of the population in my country will become diabetes in 20 years. Therefore, we should pay attention to pre-diabetes and other risk factors of type 2 diabetes, screen the pre-diabetic population as soon as possible, and carry out lifestyle interventions to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

How to prevent and control diabetes?

The occurrence of T2DM is the result of a complex interaction of genes, environment, behavior, and epigenetic effects. To successfully prevent diabetes requires understanding the risk factors related to diabetes:

Risk factors for diabetes: age, family history, gestational diabetes, birth history of macrosomia, race, low socioeconomic status, low birth weight, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver, etc.

Variable risk factors : overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, poor eating habits.

Potential variable risk factors: sleep deprivation, sadness and depression, continuous exposure to organic pollutants (such as pesticides, solvents, drugs), flora, etc.

Abnormal blood sugar is an ongoing process, and preventive intervention can begin 12 years before diagnosis. Better prevention effects can be achieved by changing the above variable risk factors. For example: the more weight loss, the longer the maintenance time, the lower the risk of diabetes; exercise or even low-intensity exercise can effectively prevent it;

The prevention of type 2 diabetes needs to start from the three levels of the individual, the living environment and the society. At the same time, increase the intake of vegetables, reduce the intake of alcohol and simple sugars, maintain a happy mood, and ensure adequate sleep. It is recommended to use the Chinese Diabetes Risk Assessment Form to assess the risk of diabetes in the general population between 20 and 74 years old. Including weight, blood pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids and other checks. Early detection, early intervention.

Tips

When you encounter the following situations, please monitor your blood sugar in time and seek medical attention as soon as possible-high blood sugar is often not easy to detect compared to low blood sugar.

(1) Prone to infection;

(2) Repeated furuncle and carbuncle;

(3) The wound is difficult to heal;

(4) Itchy skin;

(5) Foam urine;

(6) Vision loss or blurred vision;

(7) Numbness and burning sensation in limbs;

(8) Thirst, polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss.

Why do you get diabetes?

Part of it is because of genetics : if parents have diabetes, and if they don’t exercise restraint, they will also get diabetes.

But more factors are due to bad living habits . Contemporary adults are busy with work and life, and most of them only rely on sugar desire to dilute the accumulated exhaustion.

People who “reliant on sugar for their lives” lead a life that likes to drink milk tea and is sugar-free. They are overweight but do not exercise. They have to sit for long periods of time because of work… These habits that can be seen everywhere are possible. Become a cause of diabetes .

Eating sweets has nothing to do with diabetes?

It cannot be said that it has nothing to do with it. It can only be said that eating sweets is not directly related to diabetes . But it should be noted that part of the monosaccharide food should be eaten as little as possible , because it is easy to cause dyslipidemia, which can be transformed into a risk factor for diabetes, especially all kinds of sweet drinks containing fructose.

The reason why human blood sugar can remain stable mainly depends on the regulation of insulin and other hormones . If insulin secretion is imbalanced or relatively insufficient, blood sugar levels will rise. And if enough insulin is secreted, even if we eat a lot of sweets, our blood sugar can still be stable. However, if you eat too much sweets and consume energy due to lack of exercise , it will easily lead to obesity, and obesity is precisely one of the risk factors for diabetes. Therefore, in order to prevent diabetes, it is better to limit sweets appropriately .

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